Decades before the communications revolution of the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century, the distinction of what carried the title of “Art” was made by almost exclusively by art critics and those who were considered experts in the field. Moreover, artists themselves had few opportunities to show work outside of the closed professional art-community circle (Robertson 2009, 1).
With the emergence of online “art galleries” and online art communities at the turn of the 21st century, levels of access and opportunities for both critique and exhibition have shifted. The voice that was once held exclusively by the professional art critic for the anointed “artist” is now shared with a public domain of online artists, viewers, and subscribers. This new breed receives, disseminates, and critiques art in a very public multimedia environment, thus altering the role of the traditional art critic in profound ways. This new frontier allows people of varying backgrounds and art expertise, to determine what is Art along with sharing their opinions in an open forum. This blending of media, culture, and communication frames this study: the exploration of the boundaries between dissemination and critique, and asks whether the next capital of the art world will be within the online world that is governed by the masses, or a physical geographic location governed by the traditional art press.
|Keywords:||Virtual Museum, Online Gallery, Art Critic, Art Blogs|
Assistant Professor, Department of Communication, Journalism, Advertising, The University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, TX, USA
Undergraduate Honors Student, Department of Art, The University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, TX, USA
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